Violation of law by a person is termed as crime. A crime is held to be an act against the whole society. There are two elements for considering an act as a crime.
- Actus reus (a guilty action)
- Mens rea (guilty mind)
Any person, who violates the laws codified by the state, is said to be guilty of committing an offence or crime. As the state has been granted the power to maintain a crime free society, therefore in criminal cases the prosecution of the accused for committing a crime is the responsibility of the state. There are basic principles governing the criminal procedure like a person cannot be held guilty of the same offence twice (double jeopardy), a person cannot be made to depose against himself under duress ( ex post facto law), an accused is to be presumed innocent until proven guilty, to name a few.
Crimes broadly include felonies and misdemeanors.
Felonies: A felony is a serious crime like murder, rape, robbery. A person accused for felony may be punished by imprisonment for more than one year.
Misdemeanors: A misdemeanor is a crime that is less serious and the accused may be punished by captivity for not more than one year.
Crimes can also be divided based on the subject of the crimes such as:
- Violent crimes include offences such as murder, rape, assault.
- Property crimes include offences like burglary, forgery, arson.
- White-collar crimes include fraud, embezzlement, etc.
Cyber Crimes : With the advent of technology there is a new branch of crimes i.e. the cyber crime. These offences are committed through computers and networking. Cyber crimes include hacking, child pornography etc.
In criminal litigation, the interests of the client have to be guarded more assiduously and diligently. Our services can be rendered at any stage.
Our criminal litigation team performs the following tasks:
- Perform case specific research .
- Thorough review of the documents pertaining to the case.
- Transcription of deposition and trial summaries.
- Translation of foreign language documents.
- Preparation of statement affidavits and briefs of evidence.
- Legal research on all aspects of criminal law.
- Prepare and draft pretrial motions and the trial motions, pleadings.
- Assistance in completion of the trial notebook.
- Assist in drafting of private complaints.
- Assist in applying for discovery to obtain any evidence relating to the case possessed by the prosecution including documents, statements previously made by the defendant, objects, reports of tests or examinations and other evidence.
- Preparation and maintenance of the record of the whole case.
- Set up conference calls with a counsel for the other parties and clients.